Pratapgarh district is the most important area for Lesser Florican in southern Rajasthan. This study presents the current status, and distribution of Lesser Florican in Pratapgarh district. Sankaran estimated a population of 28 Lesser Floricans from this region in 1999. Of these, all but two birds were sighted either in cultivated land or grassland converted into agriculture lands. I was able to count eight birds in 2006, and just four individuals during 2007–2008.